What You Need to Know About Obesity

obesity surgeryObesity is commonly referred to as fatness. Obesity is a chronic disease caused by weight gain and excessive fat growth in the body. It is formed by the accumulation of excess fat in the body. It is one of the major health problems of developed and developing countries today. Obesity causes many diseases. This chronic disease leads to deaths as well as many diseases. This disease is occured by genetic and environmental factors. Obesity is defined as a high rate of fat accumulation in a way that causes diseases in the body.

The Reasons of Obesity

  • Excessive and incorrect eating habits
  • Inadequate physical activity
  • Age
  • Gender
  • Level of education
  • Socio – cultural reasons
  • Income status
  • Hormonal problems
  • Genetic factors
  • Psychological problems
  • Dietary practices
  • Smoking, alcohol
  • Medicines
  • Birth

The biggest cause of obesity is eating excessively and unconsciously. Excessive consumption of foods leads to obesity. Excess of any food is harmful. Unconscious consumption also causes obesity. Excessive and unconscious consumption leads to weight gain. Weight gain leads to obesity after a certain period of time. Fatness is another name for obesity. But fatness should not be underestimated. Obesity should be stopped as weight gain will continue rapidly. In addition to food consumption, inactivity is one of the main causes of obesity. A sedentary life negatively affects both body health and mental health. People who remain inactive cause body balance to deteriorate. It is not the right behavior to sit constantly and eat something sitting in front of the television. This is one of the reasons leading to obesity.

Psychological problems also cause fatness. Emotional situations are one of the main factors of fatness. Psychological factors are related to fatness. Genetic factors play an important role in obesity. Generally, the rate of fat in children whose parents are fat is quite high. In this case, the diet of the family is also important. Hormonal and metabolic problems also cause fatness. The slow functioning of metabolism is the factor in a person’s fat.

What Are The Harms Of Obesity?

Obesity is a disease that should be taken seriously. This disease is caused by excessive and incorrect food consumption. Excess fat accumulated in the body and excess weight gain indicate obesity. Obesity is a disease that endangers human life and threatens with death. This disease plays an important role in cardiovascular diseases. It also increases the risk of heart attack by leading to heart disease. By increasing cholesterol, it causes high blood pressure and vascular occlusion. Most of the diabetes diseases seen in adults are caused by obesity. Musculoskeletal system is also among the areas that obesity affects harmfully. There are many problems in the musculoskeletal systems. Obesity also causes breathing problems. Breathing in obese people is done in a challenging and difficult way. It even causes birth problems, menstrual irregularities and infertility in women. Obesity, which causes psychological problems, sometimes disconnects the person from life. Obesity affects one’s life completely. It causes the end of one’s social life. It prevents the person from having a quality, healthy and long life.

How To Protect Against Obesity

Obesity is the disease of the present and the future. Therefore, it is necessary to be protected from obesity. For this, a balanced, regular and conscious diet is required. Obesity should be resisted with healthy eating. Fast and high-calorie foods should not be preferred. A proper eating habit should be gained. Care must be taken to be active. Exercise and physical movements should be done regularly. It is necessary to see sport as a way of life, not as a requirement.

Obesity Treatment

There are many applications for the treatment of obesity. These are diet, exercise, behavior change, medication and surgical treatments.

Exercise Therapy

Exercise plays an important role in life. Exercise should be done at any age and in all conditions. Exercise is used for the treatment of obesity as well as for the treatment of many diseases. Exercise therapy reduces fat in the adipose tissue and abdomen. The way of exercise differs from patient to patient. Adults should exercise for 30 minutes daily.

Medical Nutrition (Diet) Treatment

Medical nutrition therapy is a process that goes through a diet. It has an important role in the treatment of obesity. Medical nutrition therapy is applied exclusively to the individual. Weight loss diets are made with a balanced and healthy nutrition. The person is given a healthy eating habit. In medical nutrition treatment, it is aimed to increase body weight to the level that it should be according to its height.

Behavior Change Treatment

Behavior change is an important factor in the treatment of obesity. In this treatment process, eating and physical activity behaviors are tried to be regulated. By shaping the way of life, it is aimed to continue in a correct and positive way.

  • Self-observing
  • Stimulus control
  • Developing alternative behavior
  • Reinforcement, self-rewarding
  • Cognitive restructuring
  • Social support


In order for medical treatment to be successful, other treatment methods should be followed. Medication is not applied to every patient. It is applied to patients whom doctors consider necessary and appropriate. The medicines used in medication help control the feeling of hunger and senses more easily. At the same time, these medicines help to speed up the metabolism.

Surgical Treatment

If obesity cannot be prevented with other types of treatment, surgical treatment is preferred. The doctors decide this treatment. In surgical treatment, doctors determine whether the patient is suitable for this treatment.

NOTICE: The written and visual contents in our content are compiled from different sources and are suggestion and information letter. It is not for definitive diagnosis and treatment!