Gastric balloon, which is among the methods of bariatric surgery, is an easy, safe and effective method that stays in the stomach for 6 months to 1 year, made by endoscopy in order to shorten the surgical treatment method and restrict the intake of anesthesia in people who have difficulty losing weight through sport and diet.
This technique is very important for reducing surgical complications in patients with an excess of 10-15 kilos or in people with BMI 50 and above.
In this method, a balloon with a size of 400-600 cc of blue liquid is placed in the stomach, thereby restricting the stomach volume, creating a fullness in the stomach and providing a feeling of satiety.
This technique is not a permanent method for weight loss because it will be removed from the stomach after a certain period of time. For this reason, it is very important to make healthy eating habits a lifestyle in this technique.
Whom Gastric Balloon Is Applied To?
- In overweight people whose body mass index is between 30-40 and at risk of developing serious medical problems in this environment.
- In type 2 diabetics who cannot be treated due to excess weight.
- A debilitating surgical intervention for the effectiveness of serious medical problems, being above BMI 40 or BMI 35-40.
- While applying any surgical treatment, body weight should be reduced to a level suitable for surgical intervention due to the surgical risk caused by obesity.
What Is Obesity ?
Obesity is the accumulation of excess fat in our body. According to World Health Organization data, as of 2017, nearly 2 billion people in the world are suffering from obesity. 400 million people in the 5-19 age range are obese. According to The Body Mass Index survey of the Turkish Statistical Institute (TSI) in 2015, 20 out of every 100 people in our country, in other words, one out of every 5 people is overweight, that is obese. Obesity in Turkey has increased by 31% compared to research conducted in 2008. Obesity rates are 15% for men and 24% for women.
How Is Obesity Classified ?
The Body Mass Index, BMI, ratio is used to classify obesity. This ratio is the person’s weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters (kg/m2). According to the World Health Organization, obesity is classified as follows.
18.5 and below; Underweight
18.5-24; Normal weight
40-49; Morbid Obese
50-59; Super Morbid Obese
60 and above; Super Super Morbid Obese
Are Bariatric surgeries safe?
As in all other operations, there are some risks in obesity surgeries. The most important issue here is to perform obesity surgeries by an experienced and reliable team.
Actually, bariatric surgeries are as safe as other surgeries if done by experienced surgeons. The mortality rate in obesity surgeries is around 0.1% in good hands and is close to the mortality rate in gallbladder surgeries. All these risks vary with the person’s weight, age, and other accompanying medical conditions.
Blood Pressure Problem in Obese Patients?
Being overweight or gaining excess weight causes an increase in fat tissue in the body. Like all tissues in our body, the existing fatty tissue needs nutrients to feed and get oxygen. The excess weight gain causes an increase in the amount of blood in the veins, as well as an increase in insulin in the blood. In overweight people, the increase in heart rate increases and decreases in the flexibility of the vessels begin as a result of the stiffness of the arteries. Because of the direct and indirect reasons of being overweight, your blood pressure problems begin.
What Is The Function Of The Liver In Obesity?
Elevated blood fats in overweight people can lead to excessive fat accumulation within the liver tissue. Therefore, the storage of fats leads to hardening of the liver tissue. If liver tissue is not fed well, liver function is impaired and cirrhosis occurs in time.
What Are The Psychological Traumas Caused By Obesity?
Depressive disorder is the leading psychological disorder seen in obese people. Social phobia, anxiety, stress are often seen. Because they lack of self-confidence, they have difficulty in expressing their feelings. Their bodies have not recovered despite many efforts.
Not being able to lose weight and not being persistent is due to an eating disorder that the person’s desire to overeat.
Values such as being young and beautiful and having a slim waist in the society cause them to feel that they are not attractive in obese individuals. All researches and studies support that the psychological problems of obese patients are associated with mental disorders.
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Obesity is a treatable and reversible disorder. It has been shown that quality of life is increased in 95% of the patients who have undergone obesity surgery and that these people live not only longer but better.
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